Water is an necessary natural resource. Humans need access to clean and safe drinking water in order to live. Poor water quality is a major cause of disease and death in some countries.
Water usually needs to be treated before we can drink it. Developing countries often lack the means to treat and supply water to citizens. Developed countries tend to have much better sanitation. Citizens have access to clean tap water.
Drinking water is not contaminated by sewage or waste water.
The supply of clean water would improve public health in many developing countries.
Urban life would be impossible without water supply systems. These systems a massive engineering projects. The supply and distribution of water are major concerns. Many professionals are involved in their planning, construction and maintenance.
As populations grow, there is more pressure on water supplies. This could lead to a water crisis. Areas that suffer droughts often need to import water. Water is becoming scarce in some countries.
The supply of water is also an important political issue. A water crisis could lead to political conflicts or even wars.
Huge amounts of water are needed for agriculture and industry. The irrigation of crops accounts for a large proportion of water use.
Some people believe that water should be free for everyone. Governments should supply water to all homes at no cost. Money from taxes can be used to pay for water supply systems.
Private companies should not be allowed to profit from this natural resource.
If water is free, people take it for granted. They do not think about how much water they waste. They leave taps running while washing or brushing their teeth. If we have to pay for water, we will use it more responsibly.
Water supply systems are extremely expensive. Investment is needed to maintain and improve them.
Private companies may provide a better service than governments If they provide an efficient service, they will make more money. They will repair leaks to avoid losing money.
Some people carry bottles of water wherever they go. For example, they take bottles of water to work or to the gym. They believe that bottled water is healthier than tap water. But there is no difference in quality between bottled and tap water.
However, other people believe that we should consume less bottled water. Plastic water bottles add to litter and waste problems.
Companies should not be able to make a profit from water. It is unethical to make money by selling packaged water.