首页 >>分享一个雅思高频作文考点--犯罪类作文
分享一个雅思高频作文考点--犯罪类作文
发布来源: Onlylover和英语的那点事 发布时间:2019-08-13

Introduction




犯罪类题材在整个雅思作文考试中出现的几率并不是太大,但是犯罪类对备考雅思的人来说,算是一种难度较高的作文类型。所以我分享一些犯罪类的三个经典考题,以及它们的论点和拓展





1

重点词汇


Offenders/Criminals 犯罪分子;

Repeat criminals 惯犯;

offences/ criminal acts 犯罪行为;

Anti-social behavior 反社会行为

imprison.v 监禁----imprisonment.n

Re-offend/Revert to crime 再次犯罪;

Law-abiding citizens  遵纪守法的公民;

Reform criminals  改造罪犯;

Reintegrate into the society 重新融入社会;

Deter potential criminals 震慑潜在罪犯



犯罪类经典考题


经典考题1:

Do u think it is better to send criminals to jail or let them receive education or job training?


Initial, education changes as offender`s attitude towards the family and society. Specifically, by receiving education, criminals can improve abilities in coping with everyday problems, such as interpersonal conflict, loneliness and depression. They will build up confidence as well as the ability to reintegrate into the community.AS a result, the risk of re-offending would be reduced to the minimum. In addition, job training enables offenders to acquire earning capacity. Criminals who have employable skills are more likely to find jobs and become economically independent. With jobs to live on, they will behave normally and become productive members of society in the long term.


首先,教徒可以转变罪犯对家庭和社会的态度。具体来说,通过接受教育,罪犯能改善处理日常问题的能力,比如人际冲突,孤独感和抑郁。他们将建立信心和重新融入社会的能力,因此,重新犯罪的风险能够降到最低,此外,职业培训使罪犯获得谋生能力,有就业能力的罪犯更容易找到工作并变得经济独立。有工作维持生计,他们的行为会变得正常并且从长远来看会成为社会的有用成员。


On the other hand there are opponents arguing that sending criminals to prison is the most effective method. Admittedly, imprisonment has great deterrent effects. Confronted with severe punishment, some potential offenders are very likely to abandon the idea of committing crimes. However, it should not be overlooked that imprisonment plays a negative role in reforming offenders. Since criminals are deprived of freedom and influenced by peer group in prison, they tend to resent the society and are very likely to revert to crime after being released.


另一方面,也有反对者辩称,将犯罪分子送入监狱是最有效的方式。诚然,监禁有很大的威慑作用,面对严重的惩罚,一些潜在的犯罪者可能会放弃犯罪的念头。但是,不应该被忽视的是,监禁在改造罪犯中起到的是消极作用。由于被剥夺自由和受到监狱中的同辈团体的影响,犯罪分子往往会怨恨社会并且在被释放后很可能要再次犯罪。


经典考题2:


Crime is a problem all over the world and there is nothing can be done to prevent, agree or disagree?


Notes: 这个问题可以从政府和个人两个方面进行讨论


政府在预防犯罪中可起到的作用:


Increase intervention to enhance public security. Imposing tougher laws and training a more effective police force is expected to accomplish the purpose of deterrence, which may deter those offenders and potential criminals.


增加干预,以提高公众安全,施加更加严厉的法律,并培养更有效的警察队伍,以便达到震慑的目的,惩罚那些罪犯和威慑潜在的犯罪分子。


Popularize education and create more job opportunities. Education and employment would allow citizens to obtain job opportunities and earn regular income, thereby reducing the crime rate to the minimum.


普及教育并创造更多就业机会,教育和就业将允许公民取得就业几乎并赚取固定收入,从而降低犯罪率。


个人在预防犯罪中可起到的作用:


People can be brave enough to combat criminals acts. Most of the time, criminals are pampered by people`s cowardice. Conversely, if they have courage to fight back, there would be fewer victims.


人们可以勇敢的打击犯罪行为,在大多数情况下,罪犯分子被人们的怯懦所纵容,相反,如果他们有勇气反击,会有较少的受害者。


Individuals can be more actively engaged in the crime prevention in their own neighborhood. For example, if people stay alert to criminal acts around, report crime and come forward as witnessed, it could be much easier for the police to solve cases and bring criminals to justice.


个人可以更积极的参与到自己社区的犯罪预防,例如,如果人们对周围的犯罪行为保持警觉,举报罪犯及挺身作证,警方会更容易破案并将他们审判


经典考题3:


There is higher rate of youth crime today, the reason and your solutions.


原因


Loss of family life.


Confronted with fierce competition in present-day society, some parents have to struggle for their lives. They seldom spend time with their children and neglect emotional interaction with them. Without the presence of proper parental care, some children who lack self-control may end-up going away.


家庭生活的缺失,面临当今社会的激烈竞争,一些家长为自己的生计奋斗,他们很少花时间和孩子在一起并且忽略和他们的情感交流。没有适当的父母照顾,一些缺乏自我控制能力的孩子可能最终会误入歧途


Expose to violence


The internet and TV programs give easy access to unfavorable information, such as violence and pornography. Putting young children into contact with these contents without parental guide will cause mental problems and even lead to aggressive behavior.


网络和电视节目很容易让人接近如暴力和色情等不良信息,在没有父母的指导的情况下让孩子接触这些内容会导致心理问题,甚至过激行为。


解决方案:


Parents should shoulder the responsibility of supervision in the family. For example, apart from focusing on daily work, they should attach more importance to emotional needs of their children and do more communication with them. Besides, by staying alert to any abnormal behavior of their children, parents can take relevant measures in order to keep their kids on the right track.


家长应该担负其家庭的监督责任,例如,除了集中精力于日常工作,他们应该更加重视子女的感情需要和他们做更多的交流。此外,通过对任何孩子的异常行为保持警觉,家长可以采取相应措施以便使孩子处于正轨。


Parents should restrict their children`s access to unfavorable websites. There are various tools that parents can use to protect their children from accessing unfavorable contents, such as filter software which can block pornographic websites. Apart from this, parents should always track their children`s internet history online to make sure they are not putting themselves at risk.


家长应该限制孩子访问不良网站,有多种工具可以帮助父母让孩子不访问不良信息,如过滤软件,这软件可以阻止色情网站。此外,家长始终跟踪他们子女的互联网访问历史,以确保他们自己不处于危险之中  



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