首页 >>2021.8.21雅思考试写作解析
2021.8.21雅思考试写作解析
发布来源: WisdomEducationStudio 发布时间:2021-11-25

考试解析第44期

小作文:地图

布局图:美国和日本办公室对比

大作文:政府类

Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by government rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

思路解析:

文章类型:agree or disagree

重点单词:scientific research / government / private companies

写法:可以同意,正面给出两个原因,反面给出一个原因+反驳

●原因1政府能提供大量稳定的资金供科学研究(provide a considerable and stable amount of funds for scientific research)

-------科学研究是一个长期的过程(a long period),并且需要购买实验器材和材料,需要花费大量的钱(need to purchase experimental equipments and materials that consume a great deal of money),如果私人公司经营不善(bad operation),资金流断裂(capital chain rupture),无法保证科学研究的成功(fail to guarantee the success of scientific research )

●原因2很多关系国家或者人类安全的研究(some research projects related to the security of nations and humans)应该被政府控制

------例如:核技术以及军事武器的研究是高度机密的(nuclear technology or military weapons involves high level of secrecy),并且威胁着人类的安全(threaten the safety of human beings), 这类的研究应该有政府严格的控制(be strictly controlled by the government)

●反方原因1私人公司做科研效率较高(be efficient)

------因为私人公司是被利益所驱动的(be profit driven), 他们往往会投入更多的精力缩短研究所需要的时间(devote more energy to shorten the time of research), 产品可以很快的投放市场(be launched in the market as soon as possible),满足人们的需求(meet the demands of consumers)

●反驳:因为急于获利(be eager to gain profits),研究结果没有反复的测试和证明(be tested and verified repeatedly), 存在很多安全隐患(have some potential safety hazard),政府做科研会严格的把控,更有保障。

参考范文

As can be argued, government rules can easily become obstacles to scientific achievements. Usually, most of the world's headline-making scientific discoveries do not come through governmental establishments, admitting that fiscal funding is often essential to helping such success to happen in the private sector. It is false to suggest that the government should carry out and control scientific research because the issue is not only about money but also brains.


Just because public funds matter, it does not follow that the government should restrict that kind of freedom of thinking which is vital to imaginative minds. Apart from that, nothing is more naive than for the government to play the role of police and rule research activities. Yes, freedom--that is how scientific breakthroughs are born. It goes without saying that probably billions of government's money may be needed to carry out research projects in various scientific fields, but it must be considered that great scientists tend to ignore, or even go against the rules. Indeed, it is hard to imagine how many scientific discoveries could have been missed as a result of unnecessary regulations. To put it strongly, control is the death of scientific research.


Scientific research should not be forced in any event. It is because a research problem is less likely to be solved by any apparatus which money can buy than to be solved by the brains of a free head that money cannot always buy. Thus, it does not seem proper for official amateurs to "know" what on earth scientists are doing. Otherwise, it would not be called "research" in the real sense of the word. Trying to heavily monitor scientific brains is perhaps a dangerous attitude since the consequence is always too much foliage and too little fruit. That can explain in part why the government ought to shift most of the pledged fiscal spending from the public to the private sector.


All aspects taken into account, scientific research is two things: billions and brains. With little doubt, the success in a country's scientific discoveries relies on both sufficient funding from the government and on creative minds from private companies in which pure research is worth every penny it costs. All the government has to do is grant money and expect that somewhere, something incredible is going to be known. 

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