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雅思写作犯罪类考点解析
2014年6月7日终于考察了久违的犯罪类话题,考察的是2004年经典旧题警察是否应该配枪上街,只是转换了提问角度。属于意料之外,情理之中。犯罪类话题经典的题目应该是累积犯罪的原因和解决;青少年犯罪的原因和解决;青少年犯罪的原因和惩罚措施。今天上海张仁超给考生们带来雅思写作犯罪类考点解析与语料分享
 
犯罪话题复习资料再现
20080816 There are now detailed reports about crimes on TV and newspapers. Some people say that crime details should be restricted in the media. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
关键词解读:是否限制媒体上的犯罪细节
2009917 Some people think lawbreakers should be sent to prisons while others claim they should be made to work in communities. Discuss both and give your own opinion.
关键词解读:将犯罪分子关进监狱还是进行社区服务
20090613 Research suggests that the majority of criminals who were sent to prison would continue to commit crimes when set free. Why do you think this is the case? What can be done to solve this problem?
关键词解读:持续犯罪的原因
20100130 Today there is a great increase in anti-social behavior and lack of respect to others. What are the causes of this? What measures can be taken to reduce this problem?
关键词解读:分析反社会行为的原因
20100805 In many parts of the world children and teenagers are committing more crimes. Why is this case happening? How should children or teenagers be punished?
关键词解读:青少年犯罪
 
考点提炼:
◎ 青少年犯罪的原因 (the reasons for the growing number of juvenile delinquency)
青少年犯罪成上升趋势(the increasing number of young offenders/ teenage criminals)
青少年走上犯罪的道路(embark on the criminal road)的原因是多种多样的(manifold)
其一是:例如在单亲庭(single parent family),缺乏庭的关爱及正确的引导(lack of connectedness and lack of parental care),甚至是有些庭存在着庭暴力(domestic violence/ family violence),不要给孩子贴上消意义的标签(label)
其二是:社会的原因(be led astray in the complicated society)
其三是:科技的原因,互联网和手机为犯罪提供了新的渠道 (a new avenue for committing crimes)
其四是:学校的原因,学生承受的同伴带来的压力及学业压力、竞争压力(peer pressure and study pressure, the heated competition)
其五是:媒体上包括电视、电影、广告等上面的暴力和血腥的场面(the violent scenes on the media,pornographic or vulgar forms of media)。
其六是:青少年犯罪心理(psychology of juvenile delinquency)
◎ 怎样尽量避免青少年犯罪
为了降低犯罪(crack down youth crime),在解决减少犯罪方面共同努力(join hands in minimizing the rate of crime):
教育起着不和或缺的作用(Education has an indispensable role to play),对于庭教育(parenting role),长要教孩子(respect others,observe the rules and regulations of school),给孩子树立正确的人生观和世界观(world outlook and a set of decent values)。
学校应该丰富学生们的生活(enrich students’ life),开设各种各样的活动(various activities),培养友谊(build up friendship),树立自信(confidence)和对未来的憧憬(aspiration for the future)。
一个重要的原因可以被归结为新的科技媒介上的信息泛滥(one the of most contributing factors of youth crime could be attributed to the wide access to the technological products like mobile phones and bloody contents on TV), 因此政府部门应该加强对媒体的监管(the supervision of the media),媒体上的犯罪细节应该加以控制,因为年轻人的世界观和价值观在形成的过程中,有时缺乏辨别是非的能力(distinguish between the right and wrong);同时加强对网络游戏(computer games)和网吧(cyber café)的管理。
   思路拓展
  Reasons for the rising rate of juvenile delinquency
1学校的压力 Failure in school:
The mounting pressure from school and society gives rise to the youth crime. For one thing, they are confronted with the exam-oriented education and suffer from the study pressure. Failure at school includes poor academic performance, poor attendance, or more likely, dropping out of school. This is an important factor for predicting future criminal behavior. Leaving school early reduces the chance that juveniles will develop their social skills that are gained in school, such as learning to meet deadlines, following instructions, and being able to deal constructively with their peers.
2. 社会影响 Social Factors
Changes in the social structure may indirectly affect juvenile crime rates. For example, changes in the economy that lead to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment in general. When they enter the society to seek a job, prejudice, misunderstanding and bias are the barriers and may create the alienation.
3. 庭影响Lack of Parental Supervision
Families have also experienced changes with the last 25 years. More
families consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likely to have less supervision at home that was common in the traditional family structure. This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates.
Families are important to consider when trying to explain juvenile delinquency. The family unit is crucial to a child’s development and healthy upbringing, in addition, much of what a child learns is through their family or guardians. A criminal parent can teach their child adverse lessons about life when their child views or witnesses their parents’ delinquent behavior.
Besides, the juvenile delinquency can be attributed to the rising divorce rate and family violence. Children’s psychology may be distorted and have some mental problem.
4. 其他因素Other Factors: drug, child abuse, crime details on media, peer pressure  
Other identifiable causes of delinquent acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse and child neglect. All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act
The crime details and violent pictures on the media are vital causes to be considered. Another factor to be considered is the peer pressure.
 
   思路拓展
青少年犯罪的解决方法
① reinforce education of children         加强对孩子的教育
② strengthen the family ties             增进庭感情
③ pay much attention to family upbringing 关注庭抚育
④ proper guidance and support          适当的指导和支持、
⑤ psychological guidance              心理引导
   思路拓展
   将犯罪分子关进监狱的说法:
sending criminals to prison,,
    be imprisoned
 bring sb into jails
be locked up in prisons
   将犯罪分子关进监狱的原因:
① Imprisonment of criminals can ensure a safe living environment for the law-abiding citizens. (确计划守法的市民生活在安全的环境中)
② Sending criminals to prison is the best deterrent to those potential criminals and scare off the would-be criminals.(阻止了潜在犯罪分子)
③ For the rights of victims, it is a spiritual consolation to the victims. (维护了受害者权益,对他们来说是个精神安慰)

    以上就是名师张仁超老师给同学们带来的雅思写作犯罪类考点解析,希望能给考生们带来帮助。

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