首页 >>雅思口语圈|Part1解题技巧—巧用维度解题
雅思口语圈|Part1解题技巧—巧用维度解题
发布来源: 雅思口语圈 发布时间:2021-05-24


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自教雅思以来,我就一直感慨于一个奇怪的现象,越是简单的Part 1到最后却成了大家觉得最难的部分,比如:


• Do you know your neighbor?

• Who is your favorite celebrity?

• Do you like your hometown?

• Do you know any famous people in your area?

• Do you like bags?

• Do you like perfume?



我都能想象出当你们看到这些题目时的表情,有些同学一脸不可思议:“What? 这是什么奇怪的问题!我不认识什么邻居啊!我也没有喜欢的明星啊!这怎么答啊!” 有些同学则是一脸的惆怅:“虽然我喜欢我的家乡,但我没有什么理由啊!虽然我喜欢买包,但也就只是喜欢买,没有任何其他的原因!”


对于你们的困惑、迷茫以及无助,我很能理解。虽然Part 1是简单的,但又因为它太过于生活化而导致你觉得它的存在理所当然不需要太多理由。如果你也遇到了同样的情况,我们该如何在考场中自救呢?


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• 站在制高点看问题


什么是制高点呢?也就是我们要把听到的问题迅速上升到它所在的类别,比如:你认识你的邻居吗?你最喜欢的明星是什么?你还记得儿时的好友吗?虽然这三道题问的是三类不同的人群,但从制高点来看,它们都是属于“”的问题。既然如此,它们拥有相同的拓展方向。


• 利用维度扩展细节


确定好问题的制高点,我们就可以往下看,回忆每一个类别下有的拓展角度。这些拓展角度就是答题细节的来源。


从以上两点来看,只要我们看到的问题和相关,我们就可以从人的角度里挑选一个来作为细节的补充部分即可。但是我们都知道人物类话题包含的角度有很多,比如: Appearance, Age, Personality, Occupation, Educational background, Zodiac sign等。如何才能在听到问题的瞬间就确定答题方向呢?方法很简单,定角度。我们可以在每一类话题下提前确定几个自己喜欢或者擅长的角度,这些角度将作为我们的答题首选。一旦发现它们都不适合的时候,我们就迅速调动下一批角度进行作答。


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现在我们就将以上所说的应用于人物类的Part 1话题:


01

人物类 Part 1

针对人物类话题,我定的角度为“Personality”。这也就意味着我听到任何一个跟人相关的问题,都会先思考这个角度。为了更好的答题,我们也需要提前准备一批和性格相关的词汇,比如:



• Kind-hearted 热心的:  To show kindness and to want to help other people


• Introverted 内向的:To keep yourself to yourself


• Dedicated 专心致志的:To be hard working


• Outgoing 外向的:To be friendly and socially confident


• Amusing/ Entertaining 搞笑的:To crack sb up


• Generous 慷慨的:To share time or things with others


•  Grumpy 脾气坏的:To be bad-tempered


•  Down-to-earth 真实的,诚恳的:To make others feel relaxed when being with them



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接下去我的每一道问题都是从“Personality”出发进行回答的,单词的也来自于以上我所罗列的内容。


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Q1: Do you have lots of friends?


Answer: 


Definitely, I have a bunch of friends. They are very down-to-earth and I feel relaxed when I am with them.


Q2: Do you know your neighbors?


Answer: 


Yes, I know an old couple who live next door very well. They are very down-to-earth and  I feel very relaxed when I am with them.


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Q3: Who was your favorite teacher?


Answer: 


My favorite teacher was Mr. Chen, who taught me Math in middle school. I liked him very much, as he was very down-to-earth and I felt very relaxed in his class.


Q4: Who is your favorite celebrity?


Answer: 


My favorite celebrity is a popular singer from Taiwan. She is very down-to-earth and everyone says how relaxed they feel when they are around her.


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以上的四个回答很好的说明了一个问题,这个人到底是谁真的不重要。只要他们都是人,我们可以用同一个回答结束所有看似没有联系的问题。


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现在我们再尝试使用其他的角度来回答以上的问题吧,看是否一样受用。这次我打算从“Occupation”着手来给出问题细节。


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Q1: Do you have lots of friends?


Answer: 


Yes, I have lots of friends and most of them are programmers. Whenever I have a computer problem, they always help me out.


Q2: Do you know your neighbors?


Answer: 


Yes but only the one who lives next door to me. He is a programmer working for Alibaba. Whenever I have a computer problem, he always helps me out.


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Q3: Who was your favorite teacher?


Answer: 


My math teacher in high school was my favorite. Even though he taught us math, he used to be an excellent programmer. Whenever I had a computer problem, he always helped me out. 


Q4: Who is your favorite celebrity?


Answer: 


I am a big fan of Jack Liu, a musician from Taiwan. I like him not only for his great talent, but also for his bravery. He used to be a programmer, but gave it up to dedicate his time to music as that was his passion. Now he is a well-known musician in my country.


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有没有发现当我换了一个角度的后,我的回答又有了不一样的色彩?所以如何摆脱常规的回答,你只需要更换你的角度即可。


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02

物品类 Part 1


看完了人物类话题,我们接着来看一下如何通过定角度的方式来完成物品类的话题。我发现多数同学都很害怕物品类的Part 1题目,比如:


Do you like mirrors?

What’s your attitude towards jewelry?

Do you like perfume?

Do you like wearing sunglasses?


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之所以害怕,也是因为这类话题涉及的专业词汇不太会。但是专业词汇涉及到的角度一般都是“Type”而物品类的角度不只这一个,它还包括“Brand/ Price/ Appearance/ Quality/ Quantity/ Place of Origin/ Popularity/ History等”。这也就是意味着你完全可以放过自己不会的角度,退而求其次,选择相对比较简单的角度来回答问题即可。


拿镜子这道题来举例,很多同学可能会回答说:“我喜欢全身镜”,但是“全身镜”的英文单词又不会。这个时候,我们尝试着从外貌的“Size”着手,然后给出回答:“我喜欢小镜子,因为方便携带”。从以上两个回答里,我们又可以得出一个结论:问题的难度不在于问题本身,而在于你对角度的选择。


为此,在回答物品类话题时,我们可以确定几个简单的角度来帮助我们完成相对应的问题,“Brand”和“Designer”是我重点推荐的两个角度。这两个角度既不会太平淡,也不会太难。答题时,我们可以重点突出品牌或者设计师的设计理念。如果你不太懂设计概念,你可以突出于它们的创新以及善于融合,比如:把传统文化和西方文化进行融合;把传统和现代进行融合等。


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现在我就用“Designer”这个角度来完成物品类的相关问题:


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Q1: Do you like mirrors?


Answer: 


Yes, I have many mirrors all over my house. Most of them are from a famous Chinese fashion designer called Sophia Chan. She is creative and imaginative. She is really good at combining Chinese and Western culture together. Because of this, her work always stands out.


Q2: Do you like shoes?


Answer: 


Yes, I love shoes and I have over 20 pairs of sneakers from a famous Chinese fashion designer called Sophia Chan. She is creative and imaginative. She is really good at combining Chinese and Western culture together. Because of this, her shoes always stand out.


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Q3: What’s your attitude towards jewelry?


Answer: 


I love jewelry and I have many pieces. My favorite jewelry is from a famous Chinese fashion designer called Sophia Chan. She is creative and imaginative. She is really good at combining Chinese and Western culture together. Because of this, her jewelry always stand out.  


Q4: Do you like wearing watches?


Answer: 


Yes, I like wearing watches and my favorite one is from a famous Chinese fashion designer called Sophia Chan. She is creative and imaginative. She is really good at combining Chinese and Western culture together. Because of this, her watches always stand out.


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Q5: Do you like bags?


Answer: 


Yes, I am a huge bag collector and I have over 10 bags all from a famous Chinese fashion designer called Sophia Chan. She is creative and imaginative. She is really good at combining Chinese and Western culture together. Because of this, her bags always stand out.


Q6: Do you like hats?


Answer: 


Yes, I am a big hat collector and I have over 10 hats all from a famous Chinese fashion designer called Sophia Chan. She is creative and imaginative. She is really good at combining Chinese and Western culture together. Because of this, her hats always stand out. 


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品牌也是同理。如若设计师和品牌都不太适合的时候,你可以考虑价格或者外貌里的大小和颜色。这些角度下的单词相对而言都比较简单。


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03

城市类 Part 1

 最后我们再来看城市类的Part 1问题。在城市类的话题里,我主要想要强调一个小问题:“Do you like your hometown”。


这个问题出现的概率极高,同时,大家的回答也极平常,不会给人一种Surprise的感觉。一般而言,有这么两种常见的回答:我喜欢我的家乡是因为它的风景非常的美; 我不喜欢我的家乡因为它的交通比较拥挤。


但是我觉得每个城市应该都有各自的特色,不应该天南海北的雅思考生最终给出了一样的回答。那么我们该怎么思考这个问题呢?还是一样,寻找到制高点:“Hometown”等于“City”, 为此,我们要从城市的角度中寻找属于自己的答题角度。


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“城市类”的角度很多,它包括了:Education/ Transport/ Facilities/ History/ Culture (Food/ Clothes/ Customs/ Language)/ Pace of life/ Living costs/ Climate/ Weather/ Environment/ Residents/ Population等。


这些角度中,有些是常用角度,比如:交通/居民/环境;有些是不常用角度,比如:教育、生活步调、生活成本、天气、气候。既然如此,我们不如尝试使用一些不常用的角度来替代哪些常见的,然后看一下效果如何。同时,答腻了“Yes”, 也可以尝试一下“No”。


• Do you like your hometown?


Answer 1: 


Absolutely. I love my hometown very much. Not only was I born and raised there, I also love its slow pace of life. You don’t need to rush. Instead, you can take your time and enjoy a laid-back lifestyle. (Lifestyle)


Answer 2: 


I love my hometown except for the weather. It rains for more than half of the year. Because of this, I have to take an umbrella everyday, just in case. (Weather)


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Answer 3: 


Yes, I love my hometown very much. Unlike living in a big city, the living costs are relatively low. You don’t have to worry too much about money. (Living costs)


Answer 4: 


I love my hometown but I don’t like the food. I am really into savory food. However, the food in my hometown is always very sweet. (Food)


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Answer 5: 


Definitely, I not only love my hometown, but also feel proud of it. My hometown is famous for its high quality education and my high school was ranked NO. 1 in the province. Because of this, many people try and study in my hometown. (Education)


Answer 6: 


I love my hometown but I don’ t want to live there, as there are not many leisure facilities. Every time I go back, I feel bored and have nothing to do. (Facilities)


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Answer 7: 


Yes, I love my hometown very much, because it has a mild climate. It is not too hot in the summer and not too cold in the winter. It is the perfect combination. (Climate)


Answer 8:


I love my hometown but it is unfortunately densely populated. My city is not really big, but it has over 20 million people. Everywhere is packed out and no matter where you go, you need to wait in a long queue.  (Population)


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Answer 9: 


Yes, I love my hometown very much. I think it is a fun city. We have many festivals and holidays throughout the year. The most famous one is the International Beer Festival which is also my favorite. Every summer, I go with my friends and we drink various kinds of beers while enjoying the music. (Events)


Answer 10: 


Yes, I love my hometown as it is rich in culture. Through the many dialects, I always learn so much about the history and development of my hometown.  (Culture)



从以上的10个回答来看,角度再一次展现了它在答题中的重要性。没有角度,我们就无法给出具体而有细节的回答。所以,不管遇到怎样的问题,你不要着急回答。先思考它所属的类别,再考虑它所包含的角度,最终通过角度来确定自己的答题方向。



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