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雅思考试常用连接词
Conjunctions
We can join two sentences or clauses together using conjunctions (or linking words). We can use conjunctions to add ideas together, contrast them, show the order that things happened in or show the reason why things happened.
 

并列关系:

1.      and
I'm missing my mum's cooking and I don't know how to cook the way she does.
They like tea and coffee.
2.      as well as
As well as not having a job, Michal is running out of money.
Alice looks after patients at work, as well as looking after Michal in the flat.
3.      in addition to
In addition to offering loans, we can give you advice about other financial services.
There is a heated indoor swimming pool in addition to to three outdoor pools in the hotel.
 

对比和比较关系:

1.      but
I'm trying to give up fast food but it's just so easy and cheap.
Alice was trying to help Michal but Helen didn't understand.
2.      although
Although he's trying to be healthier, he finds it easier to eat fast food.
Tim is going to work in the stockroom although he doesn't really want to.
3.      however
The flight has been delayed, however, the airline will offer compensation to all passengers.
We received your cheque. However, you failed to sign it. Please do so immediately.
4.      by contrast
The birth rate for the older women has declined, but, by contrast, births to teenage mothers have increased.
5.      by comparison
By comparison with other European countries, car prices in the UK are very high.
 

时间关系:

1.      while
While Alice and Michal were hugging, Helen came in.
Tim was serving a customer while his manager was waiting to speak to him.
2.      before
Before Michal could explain, Helen started shouting at him.
Michal began to cry before he had even finished talking to Alice.
3.      after/after that
After New Year, some of the flatmates kept their resolutions.
They went to the cinema and after that, they walked home.
4.      during
During the President's speech everyone has to listen carefully.
Will you put the kettle on for tea during the adverts?
 

因果关系:

1.      so
He's beginning to run out of money so he can't afford better food.
She's joined the gym so she can get fit.
2.      because
He can't afford better food because he's beginning to run out of money.
Tim is going to work in the stockroom because he wants to get an interview.
 
3.  because of
Because of heavy snow, this train is running approximately 15 minutes late.
There are long delays on the M11 because of an accident at junction 32.
 

举例:

1.      for example
Many countries, for example Mexico and Japan, have a lot of earthquakes.
2.      for instance
We need to rethink the way we consume energy. Take, for instance, our approach to transport.

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